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Steve Jobs

Full name: Steven Paul Jobs

Birthdate: 24 February 1955

Birth location: San Francisco, California

Social background: lower middle-class. Father was fixing cars for a living.

Education: high-school certificate. Dropped out of Reed College after one semester.

Occupations: chairman & CEO at Apple Inc. + Director at The Walt Disney Company

Net worth: $5.5 billion according to Forbes' 2010 ranking — 136th richest man on Earth

Annual salary: $1

Biological parents: Joanne Simpson  Abdulfattah Jandali, political sciences professor from Syria

Adoptive parents: Paul and Clara Jobs, both deceased

Siblings: adoptive sister: Patti Jobs (born 1958), biological sister: Mona Simpson (born 1957)

Spouse: Laurene Powell (born 1964), married in 1991

Children: Lisa Brennan-Jobs (born 1978), with unmarried girlfriend Chris-Ann Brennan. Reed (born 1991), Erin Siena (born 1995) and Eve (born 1998) with wife Laurene.

 

Steve Jobs was the CEO of Apple Computer, a leader in the field of personal computing which he co-founded in 1976, and Pixar, the Academy-Award-winning animation studio he co-founded in 1986. His innovative idea of what a personal computer should be led him to revolutionize the consumer computer hardware and software industry. When Jobs was twenty one, he and a friend, Steve Wozniak, built a personal computer that they called the Apple. The Apple changed people's idea of what a computer should be. Thanks to the Apple, people's image of computers changed from being a gigantic and inscrutable mass of vacuum tubes only used by big business and the government to a small box used by ordinary people. No company has done more to democratize the computer and make it user-friendly than Apple Computer. Steve Jobs software design for the Macintosh introduced the windows interface and the mouse which set a new standard for graphical interface applications and interface interaction.

Jobs was an unlikely candidate to have become the prototype of America's computer industry entrepreneur. While still in high school, Jobs attended lectures at the Hewlett-Packard in Palo Alto. He was also hired as a summer employee for Hewlett-Packard. 

At Homestead High School, Steve befriended Bill Fernandez, a neighbor who shared his interests in electronics. It was Bill who first introduced him to another computer whiz kid, an older guy named Stephen Wozniak, or — as everybody used to call him — Woz. Steve and Woz met in 1969, when they were respectively 14 and 19. At the time, Woz was building a little computer board with Bill Fernandez that they called “the Cream Soda Computer”. Woz showed it to Steve, who seemed quite interested.

In 1972 Jobs graduated from high school and register at Reed College in Portland, Oregon. In 1974, Jobs took a position as a video game designer with Atari. Several months later he left Atari to find spiritual enlightenment in India, traveling the continent and experimenting with psychedelic drugs.

 In 1976, when Jobs was just 21, he and Wozniak started Apple Computers. The duo started in the Jobs family garage, and funded their entrepreneurial venture after Jobs sold his Volkswagen bus and Wozniak sold his beloved scientific calculator. The two designed computer games for Atari and a telephone "blue box".

 Although he was not really interested in creating electronics, he was more interested in helping to add value to people's lives, his business sense for the marketability of these products was the turning point. He asked his engineering friend Wozniak to help him build a personal computer.

 With that initial capital and credit lines with local electronics suppliers, they set up their first production line. Jobs encouraged Wozniak to quit his job at Hewlett-Packard and become the vice president in charge of research and development of the new enterprise.

Beginning work in the Job's family garage they managed to make their first big sale when the Byte Shop in Mountain View bought their first fifty fully assembled computers. On this basis the Apple Corporation was founded. The name is allegedly based on Job's favorite fruit and the logo chosen to play on both the company name and the word byte.

Steve Jobs was a true visionary who created the first truly personal computer, the Apple, in his garage with Steve Wozniak . From calculating federal taxes to executing individual business operations, Jobs lead a hardware revolution by reducing the size of computers to small boxes and introducing them to the masses.

The development of the Macintosh re-introduced Xerox's innovative idea of a user-friendly interface with a mouse. The Macintosh used a windows interface which contained picture-like icons representing a function or a program to be executed. The user would use the mouse to move a cursor onto the icon and press the mouse button to execute the function or program. The Macintosh interface has since been copied by every operating systems manufacturer in the world and become the standard interface format for both personal computers and super-computers.

On September 12, 1985 Steve Jobs stood up in an Apple board meeting and after years of internal political turmoil and power struggles, said in a flay, unemotional voice, "I've been thinking a lot and it's time for me to get on with my life. It's obvious that I've got to do something. I'm thirty years old." Resigning as chairman, Steve said he intended to leave the company and start a new venture to address the higher education market.

 In 1985 founded a new hardware and software company called NeXT, Inc. The following year Jobs purchased an animation company from George Lucas, which later became Pixar Animation Studios. Believing in Pixar's potential, Jobs initially invested $50 million of his own money into the company. Pixar Studios went on to produce wildly popular animation films such as Toy Story, Finding Nemo and The Incredibles. Pixar's films have netted $4 billion. The studio merged with Walt Disney in 2006, making Steve Jobs Disney's largest shareholder.

Despite Pixar's success, NeXT, Inc. floundered in its attempts to sell its specialized operating system to mainstream America. Apple eventually bought the company in 1997 for $429 million. That same year, Jobs returned to his post as Apple's CEO.

Much like Steve Jobs instigated Apple's success in the 1970s, he is credited with revitalizing the company in the 1990s. With a new management team, altered stock options, and a self-imposed annual salary of $1 a year, Jobs put Apple back on track. His ingenious products such as the iMac, effective branding campaigns, and stylish designs caught the attention of consumers once again.

On October 5, 2011, Apple Inc. announced that co-founder Steve Jobs had died. He was 56 years old at the time of his death.

1955: Born in San Francisco on 24 February to Joanne Simpson and Abdulfattah Jandali. Adopted in infancy by Paul and Clara Jobs of Mountain View, California.

1969: Jobs lands a summer job at Hewlett-Packard, having previously cold-called company co-founder William Hewlett to ask for parts to build a frequency counter for a school project. 

Mr. McCollum’s Electronics 1 class

1972 -- Graduates from Homestead High School in Los Altos.



1972: Jobs enrolls at Reed College in Portland, Oregon, but drops out after a semester, instead choosing to audit classes.

Woz and Steve started their first entrepreneurial venture. It was 1972, and on US campuses, there was a lot of talk about “phone phreaks.” They were early computer hackers that managed to build “blue boxes” — little devices that fooled AT&T’s long-distance switching equipment, and allowed you to make phone calls for free. Woz read about them in an article which he showed to Steve. They both tried to build one, and to their surprise, it worked! It was Steve who came up with the idea of selling them; he and Woz would go from room to room in Berkeley’s dorms, where Woz was a student, and sell them to interested students. However, this business was illegal and the two of them stopped after they almost got caught by the police.

1974: He takes a job as a technician at videogame company Atari but, after a few months, leaves for India in search of spiritual enlightenment.

1975: After attending a number of Homebrew Computer Club meetings, Jobs and Wozniak build a protoype computer.

1976 -- Jobs and Wozniak raise US$1,750 and build their first marketable table-top computer, the Apple I.

Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak in 1976, when they founded Apple. Jobs sold his Volkswagen minibus and Wozniak his two Hewlett-Packard calculators to raise the money they needed.

Steve Wozniak

Steve Wozniak

1976 -- Founds Apple Computer Company with Wozniak and Ronald Wayne on  April Fool's Day. Wayne sells his stake two weeks later.

1977: Jobs and Wozniak launch Apple I for $666.66, the first single-board computer with a video interface and an onboard Read Only Memory (ROM), which instructed the machine on how to load programs from an external source. Revenue reaches $1million.

Apple 1
Introduced: March 1976
Released: July 1976
Price: US $666.66 w/4K RAM
How many? about 200 total
CPU: MOS 6502, 1.0 MHz
RAM: 4K, 65K max
Display: monochrome
  280 X 192, 40 X 24 text
Keyboard: not included.
Ports: composite video output
  keyboard interface
  one vertical expansion slot
Storage: cassette interface available
OS: firmware in ROM (HEX)
  Apple BASIC on cassette

1977 -- Apple launches Apple II, the world's first widely used personal computer.

pple Computer founded by Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs introduced the Apple II

Apple Computer founded by Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs introduced the Apple II. Based on a board of their design, the Apple II, complete with keyboard and color graphics capability.

Apple II

Released: April 1977
Price: US $1298 with 4K RAM
  US $2638 with 48K RAM
CPU: MOS 6502, 1.0 MHz
RAM: 4K min, 48K max
Display: 280 X 192, 40 X 24 text
  6 colors maximum
Ports: composite video output
  cassette interface
  8 internal expansion slots
Storage: generic cassette drive
  external 143K floppy (1978)
OS: Woz Integer BASIC in ROM
 

1977 -- Apple is incorporated as Apple Computer Inc. and the new company buys out the original partnership.

1978 -- Jobs has first child, Lisa, with Chrisann Brennan.

1979 -- Development of Macintosh starts.

1980: The Apple III is launched but is a commercial failure.

Apple III
Introduced: May 1980
Released: Spring 1981
Price: US $3495 w/128K RAM
  US $3815 with monitor
How many? 65,000 TOTAL (four year)
CPU: Synertek 6502A, 2.0 MHz
RAM: 128K, 512K max.
Display: Color composite video
  16 colors at 280 X 192.
  16 shades at 560 X 192
Ports: Two serial ports
  External floppy port
Expansion: Four internal slots
Storage: Internal 143k 5-1/4 inch floppy
  External floppy drive
OS: Apple SOS (Sophisticated OS)

1980 -- Apple goes public, share price jumps from $22 to $29 on the first day of trading.

1981 -- Jobs involves himself in Macintosh development.He tried to insufflate the team with entrepreneurial values, calling them rebels and artists, while the other Apple employees were bozos. The team was even in a separate building on Bandley Drive, where Steve hung a pirate flag: “better be a pirate than join the Navy,” he said — meaning the Navy was the rest of Apple.

1983: The mouse-controlled Lisa computer, named after Jobs' daughter, goes on sale. Jobs recruits John Sculley from Pepsi-Cola to serve as Apple's CEO.

Apple Lisa
Introduced: January 1983
Released: June 1983
Price: US $9,995
How many? 100,000 in two years
CPU: Motorola 68000, 5 MHz
RAM: 1 Meg
Display: 12" monochrome monitor
  720 X 364 graphics
Ports: 1 parallel, 2 serial ports
  mouse port
Expansion: three internal slots
Storage: Two 5-1/4 inch floppy drives
  external 5 Meg hard drive
OS: Apple Lisa GUI

Steve Jobs with daughter Lisa



1984: Apple launches the Macintosh, which garners much attention, especially after a Ridley-Scott directed commercial aired during the Super Bowl, but sales fail to take off.

Apple Macintosh
Model: M0001
Introduced: January 1984
Price: US$2495
CPU: Motorola 68000, 7.83 Mhz
RAM: 128K, later 512K
Display: 9-inch monochrome screen
  512x342 pixels
Ports: Two DB9 serial ports
  Printer port
  External floppy port
Storage: Internal 400K SSDD floppy
  optional external floppy ($495)
OS: Macintosh GUI
  (graphical user interface)

 

Steve Jobs and Bill Gates


1985: Apple declares its first quarterly loss and is forced to sack 1,200 employees. Jobs resigns from the company following an argument with Sculley and founds NeXT Inc, a computer company making high-end machines for universities.

Steve Jobs and John Sculley

1985 -- Wins National Technology Medal from U.S. President Ronald Reagan.

Steven P. Jobs and Stephen Wozniak -Apple Computer, Inc. For their development and introduction of the personal computer which has sparked the birth of a new industry extending the power of the computer to individual users.

1985 -- Founds Next Inc. to develop computer hardware and software. Company later renamed Next Computer Inc.

1986 -- Buys Pixar from George Lucas for less than $10 million. Company later renamed Pixar Animation Studios.

1989-Next launches $6,500 NeXT Computer, also known as The Cube. It comes with a monochrome monitor, and fails in the marketplace.

 

With daughter Lisa

1989 -- Pixar wins Academy Award for animated short film "Tin Toy."

 

1991: Jobs marries Laurene Powell.



1993: NeXT shuts its hardware division and shifts focus to software.

1995: After being contracted by Disney to make computer-animated feature films, Pixar releases Toy Story to critical and commercial acclaim, becoming the highest grossing film that year.



1996 -- Apple acquires Next Computer for $427 million in cash and Apple stock; Jobs becomes advisor to Apple Chairman Gilbert F. Amelio.

1997 -- Jobs becomes interim CEO and chairman of Apple Computer Inc., after Amelio is ousted. Jobs' salary is $1.

1998 -- Apple releases the all-in-one iMac computer, which sells millions of units, financially reviving the company and boosting its share price by 400 percent. IMac wins the Gold Award from British Design and Art Direction. Vogue calls the iMac "one of Spring's hottest fashion statements," and Business Week says it is "one of the century's lasting images." Jobs wins a Chrysler Design Institute award for the iMac design.

 

1998 -- Apple returns to profitability and records four profitable quarters in a row.

2000: Apple removes 'interim' label from Jobs's CEO title.

2001 -- Apple launches next-generation operating system -- the Unix-based OS X, with subsequent upgrades over the years.

2001 -- Apple launches the iPod, the portable MP3 player.

2002 -- Launches the flat-panel all-in-one personal computer iMac. It makes the cover of Time Magazine that year and wins numerous design awards.

2003 -- Jobs announces the iTunes Music Store, which sells encoded songs and albums.

2003 -- Jobs launches the 64-bit PowerMac G5 personal computer.

2004 -- The iPod Mini, a smaller version of the original iPod, is launched.

2004 -- In February, Jobs terminates Pixar's highly successful alliance with The Walt Disney Co. for production and distribution of Pixar's animated films. Pixar is ultimately sold to Walt Disney in 2006.

2004 -- In August, Jobs is diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and undergoes surgery. He recovers and returns to work in September.

2004 -- Under Jobs' stewardship, Apple reports its highest fourth-quarter revenue in almost a decade, assisted by the resurgence of its retail network and sales of the iPod music player. The revenue for the period ending Sept. 25 is $2.35 billion.

2005 -- Apple uses its Worldwide Developers Conference to announce that it is moving from using IBM PowerPC processors in its computers to Intel processors.

2007 -- Jobs announces the iPhone, one of the first smartphones without a keyboard, at Macworld Expo.

2008 -- In late December Apple announces that Jobs will not deliver the keynote at the 2009 Macworld Expo nor will he attend the event. This immediately sparks speculation on his health. Apple also said that it will no longer participate in the show after 2009.

2009 -- In early January Jobs says that his dramatic weight loss was caused by a hormone imbalance. At that time he said this condition would not hinder his abilities to function as CEO. Around one week later Jobs says that he will take a leave of absence from Apple until June because his medical condition had changed. He does not disclose his ailment. COO Tim Cook is to handle Apple's day-to-day operations during Jobs' recovery period. Apple says Jobs will be involved with major strategic decisions.

June 2009 -- The Wall Street Journal reports that Jobs underwent a liver transplant. A Tennessee hospital later releases a statement confirming the operation.

June 2009 -- Apple confirms that Jobs is returning to work at the end of the month.

January 2010 -- Apple announces the iPad tablet computer, which becomes an instant success and spawns a new category of mobile computing devices.

September 2010 -- Jobs appears on stage in San Francisco to announce Apple's second-generation Apple TV set-top box, which streams movies from the Internet or mobile devices like the iPhone and iPad directly to TV sets.

January 2011 -- Apple announces Jobs is taking a medical leave of absence, without specifying a reason for the leave or how long he'd be away. Questions are raised about the severity of Jobs' health problems, and its impact on the company's stock, product development and business operations.

March 2011 -- Taking a break from his medical leave, Jobs makes an appearance at an event in San Francisco to introduce the iPad 2.

June 2011 -- While still on leave, Jobs appears at the company's Worldwide Developers Conference in San Francisco to introduce the iCloud and iOS 5. A few days later, Jobs appears in front of the Cupertino City Council with a proposal to build a spaceship-like campus in the city.

August 2011 -- Jobs announces he is stepping aside as CEO, with Cook taking over that role. It also is announced that the board has elected Jobs chairman.

Oct. 5, 2011 -- Steve Jobs dies at age 56

“No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new”