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Global Measured Extremes of Temperature and Precipitation

 
Continent Highest
Temp.
(deg F)
Place Elevation
(Feet)
Date
Africa 136 El Azizia, Libya 367 13 Sep 1922
North America 134 Death Valley, CA (Greenland Ranch) -178 10 Jul 1913
Asia 129 Tirat Tsvi, Israel -722 22 Jun 1942
Australia 128* Cloncurry, Queensland 622 16 Jan 1889
Europe 122 Seville, Spain 26 4 Aug 1881
South America 120 Rivadavia, Argentina 676 11 Dec 1905
Oceania 108 Tuguegarao, Philippines 72 29 Apr 1912
Antarctica 59 Vanda Station, Scott Coast 49 5 Jan 1974
*Note: This temperature was measured using the techniques available at the time of recording, which are different to the standard techniques currently used in Australia. The most likely Australian high-temperature record using standard equipment is an observation of 50.7°C (123°F) recorded at Oodnadatta in 1960.

 Lowest Temperature Extremes
Continent Lowest
Temp.
(deg F)
Place Elevation
(Feet)
Date
Antarctica -129 Vostok 11220 21 Jul 1983
Asia -90 Oimekon, Russia 2625 6 Feb 1933
Asia -90 Verkhoyansk, Russia 350 7 Feb 1892
Greenland -87 Northice 7687 9 Jan 1954
North America -81.4 Snag, Yukon, Canada 2120 3 Feb 1947
Europe -67 Ust'Shchugor, Russia 279 January @
South Amercia -27 Sarmiento, Argentina 879 1 Jun 1907
Africa -11 Ifrane, Morocco 5364 11 Feb 1935
Australia -9.4 Charlotte Pass, NSW 5758 29 Jun 1994
Oceania 12 Mauna Kea Observatory ,HI 13,773 17 May 1979
@ Exact date unknown, lowest in 15-year period
 Highest Average Annual Precipitation Extremes
Continent Highest
Avg.
(Inches)
Place Elevation
(Feet)
Years
of
Record
South America 523.6 ! ^ Lloro, Colombia 520 * 29
Asia 467.4 ! Mawsynram, India 4597 38
Oceania 460.0 ! Mt. Waialeale, Kauai, HI 5148 30
Africa 405.0 Debundscha, Cameroon 30 32
South America 354.0 ^ Quibdo, Colombia 120 16
Australia 340.0 Bellenden Ker, Queensland 5102 9
North America 256.0 Henderson Lake, British Colombia 12 14
Europe 183.0 Crkvica, Bosnia-Hercegovina 3337 22
! The value given is continent's highest and possibly the world'sdepending on measurement practices, procedures and period of recordvariations.
^ The official greatest average annual precipitation for SouthAmerica is 354 inches at Quibdo, Colombia. The 523.6 inches average atLloro, Colombia [14 miles SE and at a higher elevation than Quibdo] isan estimated amount.
* Approximate elevation

 Lowest Average Annual Precipitation Extremes
Continent Lowest
Avg.
(Inches)
Place Elevation
(Feet)
Years
of
Record
South America 0.03 Arica, Chile 95 59
Africa <0.1 Wadi Halfa, Sudan 410 39
Antarctica 0.8 ~ Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station 9186 10
North America 1.2 Batagues, Mexico 16 14
Asia 1.8 Aden, Yemen 22 50
Australia 4.05 Mulka (Troudaninna), South Australia 160 * 42
Europe 6.4 Astrakhan, Russia 45 25
Oceania 8.93 Puako, Hawaii, HI 5 13
~ The value given is the average amount of solid snow accumulatingin one year as indicated by snow markers. The liquid content of thesnow is undetermined.
* Approximate elevation

 

Notes & Additional Resources

Many of the extremes in this report came from two sources. Thefirst, "Climates of the World", is an NCDC publication that listsglobal average temperature and precipitation information for particularlocations, with highlighted global extremes. The publication isavailable for purchase as an offline product (see NCDC Contact Information).The second publication is the updated "Weather and Climate Extremes"(TEC-0099) published by the US Army Corp of Engineers. The report listsglobal extremes for various climatological parameters and presentsglobal map inserts as well